Online learning is a brand new type of getting and giving knowledge applying means of technology. It plays vital role in increasing whole population’s literacy rate and opening new horizons. Online learning is serving as a catalyst in Education sphere of many countries giving a great jerk to the paused development of the field. Endless talks can go around the benefits and strengths of online learning. Applying online learning in teaching process is having a revolutionary impact in teacher professional development. Instead of having long and tiring interactive classes with learners, teachers spend more time on self- study and development. Through surfing the Internet, educators become aware of the latest novelties in Education, Science and other spheres. According to Misko et al (2010) the main benefit of online learning is providing opportunity for students to study at the convenient time for them leaving time to do other deals.
Notwithstanding the fact that computer facilitated learning is considered as an ideal style of learning in contemporary society, there are numerous unexpected negative outcomes related to the given type of learning. Online learning is successfully being taken up in all countries, a great financial input has been made, any way this mode of learning is succeeding not everywhere. The rationale for this is ill-conceived policy program, lack of qualified, computer-literate teachers and learners’ attitude toward computer-based learning. In such critical situation, policymakers all over the world seek for the ways of solving this very problem. One of the alternative solutions is to study and compare the situation with analogic reform elsewhere and benchmark the best practice. The research paper written by Misko, Choi, Hong and Lee is examining and comparing online learning process as well as finding out teaching and learning challenges related to studying through multimedia in Australia and Korea. Aforementioned authors report about difficulties of online learning. They claim that in spite of advantages of learning online, there are various difficulties entailed by this type of getting knowledge. The problems are connected with the lack of qualified teachers able to teach online, time and money resources and technical problems as well. To demonstrate, if students have no access to the Internet, learning process is stopped. Moreover students and teachers feel themselves stressed with tasks written in unclear language and finding a right track in doing them. Since there is no face to face interaction, students cannot ask for help and fail often. Such unpleasant situations have negative impact on students’ performance and leads to poor Education quality. Teachers also complain about absence of face to face interaction considering them very important in teaching. They claim that learning online leads to low morale of the students. Besides, many teachers are not professionally prepared to teach online. They are lack of computer skills and techniques of teaching online.
Another research conducted by Liyan Song et al(2004) among online students found out various challenges connected with Internet based learning. These authors listed challenges related to absence of community sense, ill-given instructions and problems of broken computers. Students of these days are not totally ready to change their attitude toward studying. Having interaction with instructors is very significant for all students. Learners cannot have Internet access everywhere and not all groups might have learners with the same abilities. Most students find it difficult to understand the task properly in online environment. Online students encounter more challenges rather than traditional class ones. Experiencing learning difficulties made students lose motivation and to be dismissed.
Summing up, challenges related to online learning exist worldwide. There are plenty of political, financial and natural reasons causing these difficulties and impossible to be addressed. Therefore it is impossible to have an ideal online learning environment. The most adequate suggestion in this case is to apply blended learning which includes the elements of online and traditional learning as well.
Misko,J.,&Choi,J.,&Hong,S.,&Lee,I. (2010). E-learning in Korea and Australia:Learning from practice.70-80
Song,L.,&Singleton,E.,&Hill,J.,&Hwa Koh,M. (2004).Improving online learning: Student perceptions of useful .Internet and Higher Education 7 (2004) 62