All posts by sholpannur

The Future of Education. The “Hole In The Wall” project

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Education is one of the important spheres in any society. There are a lot of problems which are related to accessibility of education. To address this problem, Professor of Educational Technology at Newcastle University Sugatra Mitra developed the provocative education project the “Hole in the Wall” in India. Dr. Mitra discusses that the groups of children with access to the Internet can learn anything by themselves. Personally, I partly agree with Dr. Mitra’s arguments because despite the benefits of technology, teachers will always play the role of knowledge guiders.

Dr. Mitra started the first experiment in 1999 in India. Initially, he embedded computer into the hole with an access to the Internet on the street of slums. These children did not know any English and saw computer for the first time. After four hours, they learnt how to browse and download videos. The results were impressive. Dr. Mitra continued the experiments. For example, during two months children with strong Tamil accent could improve their pronunciation via the speech-to-text synthesizer which was inserted into the computer. Moreover, Tamil children who did not know English could learn the biotechnology material from computer during 2-4 months on the average level. After the myriad of experiments, Dr. Mitra concluded that groups of children can self-organize their education and create the education objectives.

However, I think that children were not completely self-organized. Hence, how can we define the role of Professor Sugatra Mitra? In my view, the technology could be useful in learning process, but teachers should direct children in study process.

To conclude, the “Hole in the Wall” experiment is helpful in order to solve the problem of education accessibility. According to Dr. Mitra, “If children have interest, then education happens”. However, in my view, it is not impossible to create the education system without teachers because education is the collaborative process between children, teachers and technology.

I am interested in your viewpoints. Is it possible to replace a teacher by a machine?

Accreditation of Higher Education in Kazakhstan

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One of the priorities of national development of education is high quality. Accreditation system is the specific tool which helps to ensure high quality in higher education. According to the State program of education development of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2011-2020, since 2012 the accreditation of higher education institutions will be conducted by non-governmental organizations. In this post I will inform about the outcomes of this reform initiative and problems of accreditation system of Kazakhstan. Personally, I think that creating the independent accreditation organizations is beneficial for quality assurance system in Kazakhstan.

Sharing the government competence of ensuring the quality of education through accreditation helps to decentralize the state power which positively influences on the level of accreditation process. Comparing to the state attestation, which aims to control and revise the documents, accreditation has the recommendation character and estimate the compliance of education quality and stakeholders’ expectations. There are several outcomes to education organizations from this initiative. Firstly, it is beneficial for institutions because the ensuring of high quality reflects the positive results of academic work. Secondly, Kashuk (2007) indicates the advantages of university attraction for students. Specifically, she mentions that students will be provided by useful information about education institution which helps to choose them the appropriate one.

However, the accreditation process of higher institutions has not been adapted to the international requirements and was the only one of the types of state control. The external evaluation was carried out only on quantitative goal, which led to some extent to the duplication of state certification procedures. Monastirskii (2008) proposes another problem regarding accreditation from employers’ perspective. In current job market, the employers usually criticize the young colleagues because of the lack of communication skills, abilities, creative thinking and inability to work in the team. Therefore, the requirements for accreditation should be more strict and related to academic work innovative techniques.

Kazakhstan decided to follow international standards of education in order to improve its level, including the accreditation. That is why the change of government’s role is crucial. Despite the fact that the majority of authors reveal that the problems in implementation of the accreditation reforms in Kazakhstan are connected by poor methodological support, lack of experience and quantitative approach, I think that creating the independent agencies in Kazakhstan is important step to improve the quality of higher education. It will help to improve not only the accreditation system, but also the whole higher education of Kazakhstan.

References:

Kashuk, L. I. (2007). The quality assurance system of higher education: assessment and management mechanisms (on the materials of the Republic of Kazakhstan). (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from http://yadocs.ru/tw_files2/urls_1/262/d-261879/7z-docs/1.pdf.

Monastirskii, A. D. (2008). Higher Education Accreditation: Key issues and solutions. Proceedings from the International scientific-methodic seminar “Role of accreditation in improvement of higher education quality”, 87. Almaty.

Education-job mismatch among graduates. Thesis topic

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Qualified, motivated and well-educated specialists are necessary for development of all spheres in Kazakhstan. According to the state programs, Kazakhstan has the clear aim to be one of the most 50 competitive countries in the world. In this context, the education and job match between graduates who have the clear career goals, play the important role in improving the level of economic, social and political situation in the country. In this post I will describe the importance of my thesis theme – education-job mismatch among recent graduates.

The study of reasons and factors which affect on the education-job mismatch of recent graduates is not completely explored yet in Kazakhstan. Generally, some international quantitative studies were conducted, but none of them are investigated the real qualitative evidence about changing the occupation of graduates.

The quality of higher education of Kazakhstan rapidly declined which became an important issue from 1991 due to the private direction of higher education. This problem directly influence on occupations of graduates because universities prepared students for professions considered as popular and trendy such as economics, law, accounting. As the result, the market was crowded by unqualified specialists who faced serious problems, including education-job mismatch and this problem is existing in Kazakhstan until now.

The purpose of this study is to explore the reasons and factors of mismatch between education (field of study) and current job positions of graduates from different fields of study.

The qualitative study with narrative approach will be implemented in this study. The one-on-one interviews of six young specialists with different majors will explore the reasons and factors which influence on education – job mismatch.

This findings and results of research paper will beneficial for following stakeholders: the state policy, students, parents and higher education institutions. By analyzing the factors and reasons of education-job mismatch from perspective of field of study, it is hoped to (1) explore the reasons and factors of mismatch between job and study field of graduates; (2) highlight the specific opinions about the value of higher education major of graduates.

Kazakhstan needs a qualified and motivated specialists in order to be competitive. Hence, the issue of education-job among recent graduates is crucial and this theme should be explored. I hope this study will contribute the deeper understanding of education-job mismatch of Kazakhstani graduates through their personal stories.

Thank you for reading!

P.S. It will be interesting to see in comments your thesis’s themes

My blogging rules

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People like to tell stories: share their personal experience about job, education and everyday life. One of the ideal ways to tell stories is blogging. According to wordpress.org., “Blogs range from the personal to the political, and can focus on one narrow subject or a whole range of subjects.” Blogging is not only an activity; it’s a life style which has some advantages like personal and professional growth.

Blogging is essential part of my life. I started to write posts 5 years ago on Kazakhstani blog-platform yvision.kz (sholpannur.yvision.kz) and this fact completely changed my life in positive way. I write posts about issues I’m interested in: books, movies reviews, short stories, poems and posts about social problems in Kazakhstan. In this post, I would like to present my own blogging rules which are helpful for me. I do not want to generalize them for everybody but hope they are interesting.

1. Be passionate.

Yes, I know you have heard this a million times, but it is real true. Posts with “soul” will be definitely successful. Personally, creating posts is like singing. If you sing with strong feelings, then audience will listen. For example, famous video blogger Michelle Phan started to post videos with beauty tips. She became a huge YouTube celebrity with more than a billion views. Moreover, now she owns her line of beauty products and writes books. It is really impressive, isn’t it?

2. Focus on quality and write systematically.

Some bloggers think that quantity of posts is the most important thing in blogging. However, I believe that writer should concentrate on the little elements of every post. Style, design and visual art are crucial for blog. In addition, bloggers should have the systematic approach for writing.

3. Make the list of your blog themes.

It helps to highlight your ideas and write more coherently. Planning is an inevitable part of success.

4. Keep going and be creative

Every human has the original story to tell. People need honesty and interesting facts. Blogs allow realizing this opportunity. I profoundly believe that communication through writing is pure magic. So, let the magic begins!

Do you have your own rules in writing posts?

Thank you for reading!