Conducting educational research is explained and followed by choosing one of the two existing tracks of writing any research: quantitative research, qualitative research or mixed methods. The qualitative research is largely based on collecting numeric data from a large number of people with research questions and hypothesis that are precise, narrow, measurable and observable (Creswell, 2014). As for the quantitative research, it is commonly characterized by detailed understanding of the central phenomena, collecting data from a small number of people to get their opinions and points of view and analyzing the data using text analysis (Creswell, 2014).
One cannot confidently say that one of this existing types of research is the most valuable and significant. It is necessary to say that researchers choose the type of research depending on the issue they want to explore and research questions they intend to answer. I remember one of the professors who taught Research Methods last year saying “once the instrument for qualitative type of research is ready, it is really easy to conduct this type of research”. However, as I have mentioned above, it all depends on the nature of a research.
Taking into account the nature of my research topic, which mostly demands people’s attitudes, opinins and experiences the current research will use qualitative research type. As the research deals with a particular school setting and requires participant perceptions and experiences, the case study research design is found relevant to get in-depth analysis of phenomena (Zaynal, 2007). I was interested to know if teachers in my school setting know about Universal Design for Learning. Moreover, I wanted to explore if they use multiple means of representation, expression and engagement in their teaching practice. Hence, I choose the qualitative type of research in this study. As my supervisor says “your research is your story”, so I want my story to be beneficial for the community where I work and make learning and teaching processes successful for both learners and teachers.
Creswell, J. W. (2014). Educational research: Planning, conducting and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Zainal, Z. (2017). Case study as a research method. Jurnal Kemanusiaan, 5(1), 1-6.