One of the heated discussions in education is related to the single-sex schools versus mixed schools. Many educational experts underpin the idea that girls and boys have different physiological, social and learning needs, while others believe that by using the appropriate approach they can complete each other and reach success. In Kazakhstani context this issue is not topical as our education system has more important problems connected with infrastructure and quality of education, however, we shouldn’t neglect this problem two.
First objectives against mixed schools are related with co-work of students. It is commonly believed that girls tend to work in collaboration, while boys prefer to dominate in the discussions and group works. Therefore, boys can discourage girls to work in groups or disrupt their learning process. Some research found out gender differences in responding to the changes in temperature of the classroom. The results revealed that girls prefer warms environment for learning, whereas, boys simply fall asleep in warm temperate and need a cooler condition for staying concentrated. Thus, in order to prepare adequate conditions for both of them for learning it is crucial to teach them separately. One more belief is that co-education can cause the early relationship between opposite genders and as the result; it can influence the quality of education negatively.
In terms of mixed schools, the main concerns are that schools don’t give only theoretical education but have to teach students to socialize with others and be ready for adult life and single sex schools cannot cover all these requirements. There is also a threat that students from single-sex schools can be taught in the unrealistic environment, which may cause an impediment in the adaptation process to the society. Critics also claim that girls from single-sex schools are in most cases emotional and it can impact their future career, while, boys may have the problem to network and cooperate with opposite gender.
In our county, in general, the majority of schools are mixed except a few single-sex schools such as the nets of KTL. As we mentioned above, nowadays this issue is not actual as before solving other crucial problems we cannot consider about teaching separately by gender. Although in the near future this question can appear in our education system too, therefore, what is your position about it?
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