Once I was invited to an interesting workshop conducted by one of my colleagues in NIS Aktobe. My colleague was talking about one new technology that he was using in his classroom. It was called Flipped classroom. The idea was that he no longer dedicated time in the classroom for explanation of new topics and lectures. Instead, he recorded tutorial videos for his students where he explained the topic. Students were able to access the video at any convenient time and learn the material at their own pace. Time in the classroom then was dedicated to active learning though organizing different activities, projects and discussions on the concepts covered in the videos. I got very interested in this educational model and decided to find out more about it.
According to educational site Educause, flipped classroom is used widely by the teachers around the world because it has many positive effects. First of all, students are given opportunities to use the video or other pre-recorded material more than once and therefore, reflect on what has been said and grasp the concept deeply. It really addresses the individual learning styles that students have. Secondly, traditional classroom is substituted by the classroom where main emphasis is given to hands-on activities, laboratory work, collaboration, creative work, open discussions, problem-solving tasks. Students are given constant feedback and teacher can check how well the students understand the concepts and can apply those concepts. Thirdly, both students and a teacher have changed their role in Flipped classroom. The teacher performs a role of a guide and facilitator rather than a lecturer. The students are no longer passive participants, they have to actively engage in their own learning and be able not just cover the content but master the concepts through active involvement. This helps students feel more responsibility for their own learning.
It should be clearly understood that for Flipped classroom to be effective, a teacher has to prepare carefully. The teacher should make sure that recorded videos would really help students understand the concepts and then classroom activities would really help integrate the knowledge. This requires more time for planning from the part of a teacher.
In conclusion, this idea can be widely used in the upper classes for all the subjects to make the education process more effective and to shift focus from lecture-type classroom to interactive classroom.
Educause (2012). Seven things you should know about Flipped classroom. Retrieved from https://net.educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eli7081.pdf