When I think about two words “literature review” the first, which comes to my mind, is the electronic library and a pile of different printed articles.
For me, literature review was the most challenging part when I worked on my proposal paper last year. The first difficulty was with credible and reliable resources. I spent a lot of time trying to use different key words in order to find articles, which somehow will relate to my topic. The second challenge was trying to identify the research gap. When I started to study articles in order to reveal the area, which had not been studied before, I thought that it is impossible to find this gap. The last challenge was to combine all articles together, so that there will not be just the description of each separated article, but the well-constructed text.
However, our instructors’ recommendations made the process of writing literature review not so challenging. First, they suggested us to use the table and fill in it with articles, which we have already studied. I think that this table was a good strategy for me and for the majority of my group mates. As for me, I did not spend my time trying to return to the article, which described the importance of collaboration, for example; I had everything in my table. Second, as the majority of us had a problem with the research gap, they advised us to try to find researches done on our topic in Kazakhstan. If the topic has not been studied within Kazakhstani context, this also can be considered as a research gap. And the last, regarding credible resources they recommended us to find, for example one article and go to the list of references, skim this list choosing articles, which relate to our topic and can be used in our papers. This approach of finding articles saved a lot of time, which I devoted to the detailed study of researches.
I am using all these suggested strategies now and I hope that my literature review part will be successful.