In recent years, the issues of online learning has become crucial as a result of fast-growing communities that are keen on producing and using different types of information. People all over the world use computers, send messages, create business plans and even try to set up their private lives. In this regard, making the learning online will greatly help to both save the time and resources. However there are certain issues that need discussion further.
The era of a stand-alone computer has passed. Today we have computers working in chains of networks. Berge and Collins(1995) point out, that networked computers have great potential in setting up the communication between different communities such as teachers, students, peers, parents and other members of community. This type of learning also does help to communicate the idea of the importance of gaining knowledge.
Another important point that plays for the benefit of online learning is that the learners are no longer vessels, that need to be filled with content but active participants of teaching process. These students do have the right to choose what and how to study for their future. In addition Berge and Collins (1995) state that this method helps to shape the personality of a student, as he becomes responsible for his own education. It is interesting to also note that the students in this case can also measure the amount of study. However, it can also limit their education as not all of the students can be willing to struggle against difficulties.
Some authors claim that there must be special attention given to the organization of online-learning. Sheingold (1991), made a point that not just the students but also the teachers and parents must feel the importance and responsibility for the implementation of online-learning. It must also lead to the change in the educational system.
Among the problems that different authors have defined as the limitations of the implementation of online-learning – presence of students seem crucial. Moore (1989), later Anderson and Garrison (1997), pointed that interaction is one of the main tools that help to keep the students present and active. Moore (1989) has also proposed three different types of interaction such as: learner-teacher, learner-content, learner-learner. Although this model could remind a traditional classroom teaching, it is important to note that this model happen in a comparatively shorter period of time.
In a nutshell, online learning is already the tool that many are using either to gain or to reinforce the knowledge and its benefits are already proved. It is now crucial to point out and struggle against the limits that prevent the online-learning happen.
- Anderson.T. D & Garrison. D. (1997). New roles for learners at a distance. Distance learners in higher education: Institutional responses for quality outcomes, ed. C. C. Gibson, 97–112. Madison, WI: Atwood Publishing.
- Berge.Z & Collins.M. (1995). Computer-Mediated Communication and the Online Classroom in Distance Learning. Computer-Mediated communication magazine, v.2, n.4, p.6
- Moore, M. (1989). Three types of interaction. The American Journal of Distance Education v3, n2, pp.1–6.
- Sheingold. K. (1991). Restructuring for learning with technology: the potential for synergy. Phi Delta Kappan, pp. 17- 27.