According to Alexander (2004) mobile learning is a kind of disruptive innovation in the sphere of higher education and it follows all the stages and procedures of innovation dissemination. Moreover, the process of mobile learning intervention resembles “nomadic army arriving in an imperial city”, because the scale, mobile learning affects learning environment in the fields of the content of learning, teaching methods, campus life, is huge. The learning environment is influenced by its actors, “cell-phone-equipped urbanities” who forms new paradigm of learning. Teaching methods changed due to “augmented reality” due to the application of e.g. at the classes of archeology GPS-equipped Tablet PCs to perform archeological walk. Campus life changed, wireless labs shifted the classical libraries, and cheating policy can even indicate the process, where some schools develop policies to stop cheating by sms.
According to Sapargaliyev (2012) the formation of new paradigm did not leave Kazakhstani education behind. All levels of education has been applying the new modes of learning with the use of ICT. Sapargaliyev (2012) points out the clash between the objectives the western world apply ICT technologies for and Kazakhstani way of application. The western world introduced e-learning to increase the access to learning, whereas Kazakhstani State Program for Development od Education in Kazakhstan for 2011-2020 is aimed to increase quality through the proper application of IC Technologies.
The main strengths of online learning is that it inevitably provides wider access of learning for more significant layers of population. MOOCs, which are becoming more and more popular nowadays, provides solution of educational mission itself: to educate people at large and establish social coherence as a result.
The main drawbacks of this mode of learning is that online learning environment needs gargets and Internet access, so online learning depends on financial status and online learning does not exist for poor people as a result. So, it doesn’t significantly contribute to solve the problem of education access.
Sapargaliyev, D. (2012). E-Learning in Kazakhstan: Stages of Formation and Prospects for Development. International Journal of Advanced Corporate Learning (iJAC), 5(4), 42-45.
Alexander, B. (2004). Going nomadic: Mobile learning in higher education.Educause review, 39(5), 29-35.