Rizvi (2007) in his article argue the role of term globalization and postcolonialism in education. He strongly believes that globalization is not universal explanation of all circumstances in the XXI century. A lot of scholars accept term globalization as it exist, but not as a result of politics of naming. He suggests that postcolonial theory can be better used in education.
In this article Rizvi summaries that global context and effect of it on education inevitable and natural. However the word “context” has no exact meaning and it may change. So it is hard to show relationship of global context on education without historical roots. It mainly happened because of the misunderstanding of the process of globalization, it understands as universal characteristics. Because of this universalism national education system and sovereignty of nation state endanger (Burbules and Torres as cited in Rizvi, 2007, p. 257). Globalization also seen as a possibility of “contemporary existence”, it means events in one part of the world have effects in another part (Rizvi, 2007).
According to Sassen there are some fundamental treats which illustrates the global integration. Mostly they are economical, and do not take sociocultural and political processes into consideration much. Therefore it is crucial to understand the nature of globalization historically. Globalization is projection of European imperialism and colonialism. That is why Rizvi suggests using postcolonial theory to study globalization and education, because it includes historical and political context.
Postcolonialism is aftermath of colonization in which political control by dominant empires has ended, but newly independent states depend from global system of economic and cultural domination in which the former colonizers portray their hegemony. It shows how the colonizers shaped the colonized countries’ culture, relationship between them is complicated. Rizvi suggests, in order to understand education through postcolonialism it is important to take political aspect of it.
It is important to realize that education shaped by many factors. Before this article I did not think much about the roots of globalization. I did not think that imperialism and colonialism affect educational world so much. It is interesting to read that education overall changing all the time, and reflects the environmental changes of the time. In reading I found out the complexity of education as it reflects firstly to postcolonism then to globalization processes. Rizvi emphasize the needs of historical understanding of education in political context. I believe that Rizvi wants to deliver the importance of understanding the historical roots of globalization in order not to return to the way of the past, and live together in the better future.
Overall this article is call for using not only globalization theory, but postcolonialism also. This article rise a question should we think more about postcolonialism in education or globalization is enough? And if we will look on education only trough lenses of globalization, and borrowing policies what will be the development of education.
Rizvi, F. (2007).Postcolonialism and Globalization in Education. Cultural studies↔Critical Methodologies, 7(3), 256-263.