This post I dedicate to yessenova (Aisara, this is for you!!!)))))
After my first post (“Educational leadership: a Myth or a Reality?”), you asked me to explain in more details the main styles of Leadership. I wanted to do it face-to-face, but then, other people from Multilingual cohort asked me to share this information with them too. Actually, that is the reason, why I am publishing this post here, on nuwriters.wordpress.com. I hope, every student who wants to know about Leadership styles will be able to read, and then to use this information somewhere in the future =)))
Depending on circumstances, believes, attitudes, values and people being involved, 7 different styles of leadership namely charismatic, participative, situational, transactional, servant, quite and transformational appeared.
Let me explain all of them, except transformational (if you are interested in this style of leadership, please go to Aisara’s post about “A businessman and a school leader: the new concept of school leadership in the USA” and read my Loooooooong comment! Aisara, sorry for that!)
Charismatic Leadership is one of the most popular styles where the leader uses charm to attract and conquer the followers’ attention creating friendly atmosphere by making the followers feel that the leader is listening to them and that they have a voice in decision making (Dems, K., 2011). However, it is not always true, that is why this style of leadership isn’t considered to be the one that can be successfully utilized in Education. Famous examples of charismatic leaders are: Bill Clinton, Mother Teresa and Adolf Hitler (who is also not the best example for students).
Participative Leadership is different from a previous one. In this case, the leader acts more like a “facilitator” than a dictator, who collects the mind of the group under his or her leadership, but after all, the final word always rests with the leader (Dems, K., 2011). This type of leadership can be used in Education, but in reality it will not make any sense of change owing to the fact that teacher-student model will just copy the administrator-educator model. A famous example of the participative leadership is Donald Trump.
Situational Leadership emerges during a particular situation. The leaders need to be adaptable and dynamic as the different situations they are facing with (Dems, K., 2011). This type is effective only in some cases and cannot be generalized. I think that all of us are looking for a common style which can be used in different educational cases (situations). An example of the situational leadership is Dwight Eisenhower.
Transactional Leader motivates the followers (“subordinates”) by presenting them rewards and punishments depending on their ability to satisfy the stated requirements (Dems, K., 2011). By using this type, the dictatorship in education will never be won. Examples of such leadership style are McCarthy and Charles de Gaulle.
Quiet Leaders do not force or command people to do something, they do what really needs to be done, inspiring followers to do the same (Dems, K., 2011). I, personally, refer myself to this type of leaders. However, this style does not satisfy the modern world requirement which states that it is time for active actions. Famous example is Abraham Lincoln.
Servant Leader serves his or her followers taking care of these followers’ need before they realize this need themselves (Dems, K., 2011). I confirm that the style that is used nowadays by educators is the servant leadership which must be changed. Famous examples are Gandhi and Washington.
Transformational Leader is motivated by his or her followers, and followers are motivated by their leader who uses their ideas and skills to create something valuable for all the members of these reciprocal relationships (Dems, K., 2011). Famous examples of this type of leaders are Martin Luther King Jr. and Walt Disney. This type of leadership combines the characteristics of all previous ones:
- taking charismaticness from charismatic leadership,
- “facilitator” effect from participative leadership,
- adaptability and dynamic development from situational leadership,
- rewards for a good job from transactional leadership,
- self-example from quite leadership,
- self-dedication and an ability to serve the followers from servant leadership model.
In order to reach the goal, a clear sense of purpose articulated simply is needed, as well as high expectations, insistence, desire for learning, enthusiasm, strategy, emotions, courage, risk-taking and risk-sharing, vision of future success, sense of public need, spirit of cooperation, mentoring and life-long learners who identify themselves as change agents.
I tried not to use long definitions given by famous authors and explained these styles of Leadership in the easiest way. Definitely, other styles of leadership also exist because the world goes around and new leaders come into the arena, these leaders bring us new styles of leadership. Who knows what expects us in the future! I will not be surprised if after 5 years, I would read about Nazarbayev’s Leadership style or Yessenova Leadership style… Let time decide who we really are)))
Dems, K. (2011). Famous examples of leadership styles, Bright Hub, 4(1),1-3. Retrieved October 6, 2014, from <http://www.brighthub.com/office/home/articles/76450.aspx>.